View our video for more information on Education

Discover Teaching

Inspire a generation – an introduction to UCAS Teacher Training

A new curriculum for Wales

More information on Education Industries

Share this page

Select an icon:



Spotlight on


Inspire future generations

Working in education, whether with children, young people or adults, is one of the most challenging but rewarding of careers.

Education is the fourth largest employer of people in Wales. There are around 122,000 people working in the education sector; that is
nearly 1 in every 10 Welsh working person. (Source: BRES 2017)

While Teachers & Lecturers make up a large proportion of the total workforce in Education, around 44%, there is a lot more to working in the education sector than being a classroom teacher. You could support teaching staff, be involved in providing school dinners or preparing equipment for laboratory experiments. You could be training and assessing Apprentices, giving Careers Advice and Guidance or teaching an adult evening class.

The education sector is constantly changing as it responds to new government policies, and the development of new teaching and learning theories and methods. Be prepared to be both an educator and a learner, throughout your life.

Nearly 1 in 10
Welsh workers work in the education Sector.
(BRES, 2017)

of school teachers in Wales are female; compared to 59% of FE teachers
(Education Workforce Statistics, 2018)

A third, 33%
of school teachers in Wales are Welsh speaking. 27% are able to teach through the medium of Welsh.
(Education Workforce Statistics, 2016)

You could get
up to


in incentives to train
as a teacher in Wales
in priority subjects
and through the
medium of Welsh.
Find out more

Around 800 secondary teachers,
100 primary and nursery teachers and 800 teaching assistants are expected to be needed in Wales each year until 2025.
(EMSI, 2019)




9.2% of the total workforce in Wales is employed in Education.
(BRES, 2017)

Where could I work in Education?

You can teach or lecture in various areas and with pupils and learners of all ages and abilties.

We all go to school or are educated in some way up to the age of 16. Many of us carry onto the next steps of A levels, HND’s and BTEC’s or other Further Education courses. Many also become Apprentices or follow other vocational training routes. The number of young people who go onto Higher Education, has increased; in Wales, 26% of 18 year olds go to University or other HE providers (UCAS, 2018). This is the highest entry rate recorded for Wales. Welsh Government encourages a nation of life-long learners, and as adults we can go back to full-time or part-time education and courses, or even learning for our leisure.

In Education, you could work in a wide range of teaching and learning environments. The main areas you could work are:

Nursery or Early Years

Other (Training organisations and Community based learning programmes)

Further Education

Higher Education

(BRES, 2017)




Wales needs more...

Secondary School Teachers Playworkers,
Peripatetic Teachers and Tutors
Learning Support Teachers,
Managers in Education,
Higher Education Lecturers
Nursery Nurses and Assistants,
Psychologists, Primary School Teachers,
Further Education Lecturers, Trainers, Education Advisers and Inspectors, Educational Support Assistants,
Teaching Assistants


Employment Hotspots

These are the total number of all jobs in the education sector in areas of Wales.





Rhondda, Cynon, Taff




















Neath Port Talbot




Vale of Glamorgan










Blaenau Gwent


Merthyr Tydfil


Isle of Anglesey


Source: BRES, 2017

1 in 6 of all education sector jobs are based in Cardiff, but there will be job opportunities across Wales.
(BRES, 2017)


In Wales there are:

1274 Primary schools
195 Secondary Schools
70 Independent Schools
41 Special Schools
14 Colleges of Further Education
11 Nursery Schools
10 Universities

and many training providers across Wales (School Census, 2018)

Meet the Employers

Staff working in maintained nurseries and schools are employed through the Education Department of each of the 22 Unitary Authorities in Wales. You could also be employed by an independent school, a further education college, a university or a training organisation across Wales. Supply teachers can be employed through agencies.

Unitary Authorities
Find your Unitary Authority

My Local School
Find your local school

What can I earn?

Salaries across the education sector as a whole can vary depending on qualifications, experience, where you live, as well as teaching responsibilities. Salaries will also vary for self-employed workers.

Teachers are paid according to pay scales which are updated by the Government every September.  Qualified teachers start on the ‘main’ pay scale and each year will move up the scale depending on performance.

The teaching salaries below are approximates based on Teachers' pay ranges for England and Wales 2018/2019. If you teach in London the salary scales are higher.

In addition to the basic salary, teachers may also receive Teaching and learning responsibility (TLR) payments depending on their additional specialist duties.

Further Educational Lecturers are paid according to the Wales FE Pay Scales.

Approximate Job Salary range dependent on experience (£)


£17,208 - £27,216

£23,720 - £39,406

£29,664 - £48,244

£40,162 - £61,005

£45,213 - £111,007


Other Education Jobs

£12,000 - £18,000

£13,000 - £16,000

£14,000 - £16,000

£15,000 - £23,000

£18,000 - £25,000

£18,000 - £30,000

£20,000 - £33,000

£22,000 - £51,000

£23,000 - £40,000

£23,000 - £41,000

£28,000 - £54,000

Sources: Cascaid, 2017
* Teachers' pay ranges 2018/19
**Salaries for education support staff, like Teaching Assistants, Nursery and Play Workers and School secretaries etc will vary throughout Wales. Salary ranges given below are an approximate.  Check with your local Education Authority for specific salary scales in your area.

Getting In

Getting into Teaching

To become a Teacher in the UK you will need:

  • an undergraduate degree
  • Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) through completing Initial Teacher Education (ITE) or Initial Teacher Training (ITT)

In Wales

  • For teacher training courses in Wales you will need a minimum of English and Maths GCSE Grade B.  Contact ITE centres for more information about equivalent qualifications and tests
  • For primary teaching you will also need Science GCSE Grade C or equivalent
  • To study through the medium of Welsh you will need Grade C in Welsh.

You can become a teacher at different stages in your life and there are various routes you can take to achieve Qualified Teacher Status (QTS). It can be completed as part of a degree, straight after a degree, as a part-time course alongside work or as a full time course after working in another sector.

The route you take will depend on the:

  • age group you want to teach, for example, Primary or Secondary School age groups
  • the subject or subjects you want to teach as well as your qualifications and experience.

In Wales you can also train to     
be a teacher whilst working in school   
through an Employment Based Route.
In 2019-2020 you can train through the
Graduate Teacher Programme (GTP).
The number of places is limited; there
are 18 Secondary GTP places and 18
Primary GTP places. From 2020-2021 there
will be a new Employment Based Route
to replace the GTP which will also allow
you to train to be a teacher whilst
working in a school.

Remember that if you are applying to teacher training or to any job working in an environment with children and young people or vulnerable young adults you will be asked to comply with checks for any criminal convictions or a Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) check 

You will need to do quite a bit of research into the route that suits you: 

• Undergraduate

You can do an undergraduate degree in Education, generally for Primary School and Nursery Teaching that includes Qualified Teacher Status (QTS).

Just some examples of the many Education undergraduate courses:

  • Primary Education Leading to Qualified Teacher Status BA (Hons)
  • Primary Education BEd (Hons)
  • Teaching and Learning in the Primary Phase BA (Hons)
  • Early Years Foundation Degree FdA
  • Early Years BA (Hons)
  • Mathematics Education with QTS (Secondary) BA (Hons)
  • Primary Education with History (4 years) MA (Hons).

Find an undergraduate course

• Postgraduate

You can do a degree and then complete your teacher training. Most secondary school and college teachers do a degree in the subject they want to teach and then do a Post Graduate Certificate in Education (PGCE). Just some examples of the many postgraduate courses. From 2020-2021 a part-time PGCE (with QTS) will be available across Wales from the Open University in certain subjects and phases.

  • PGCE Primary
  • PCGE Secondary Biology
  • PGCE Secondary Physics and Chemistry

Search for a postgraduate Teacher training course

CaBan - (Chester/Bangor North Wales Partnership)

Cardiff Partnership

Yr Athrofa: Professional Learning Partnership

Aberystwyth ITE Partnership


How many teaching jobs are advertised? What is competition like?

There were nearly 1000 secondary school teacher jobs advertised in Wales in 2017 and on average 8 people applied for each job. (Stats Wales, 2019). There were around 850 primary school teacher jobs advertised in Wales in 2017 and on average 16 people applied for each primary school job. (Stats Wales, 2019) The highest number of job adverts with the lowest competition were for Maths, English and Science.


Subject (Secondary School)

No. of jobs advertised (2017)

Number of applicants per job










Other Subject



Physical Education



Welsh Second Language



Modern Foreign Languages



Design and Technology









Information Technology



Religious Education






Head Teacher / Deputy Head Teacher






Welsh First Language












SEN Coordinator



Secondary School Teachers Total



Primary School Teachers Total



(StatsWales, Jan-Dec 2015)

Get networking!

Although the pathways into teaching and lecturing are quite structured, networking and building your network of contacts is still very important to help you decide on whether education is for you and then to share good practice with other teachers as you move through your career. Talk to as many teachers and lecturers as you can when making decisions about your career in education.

Network! Network! Network!

Get experience!

Getting as much work experience as you can is particularly important in Education. It is just as important to help you decide if lecturing or teaching is for you, as it is to support your application as a Teaching Assistant. Approach your local schools and ask if you could spend some time work shadowing, or volunteer as a Teaching Assistant. Remember you can also volunteer in local youth clubs or become a Guide or Scout leader.

All teachers need to have a Degree; Level 5 qualification. (Teachers and Lecturers of vocational subjects may have other equivalent professional vocational qualifications) Higher Education Lecturers normally have a first class or 2.1 Honours Degree and a Masters Degree and are expected to have, or be working towards, a PhD (Level 8).
Confused about qualifications? Find out more.

Skills and qualities in demand

An Educator’s job is both rewarding and challenging and you will need to be able to engage and connect with the pupils or students you are teaching. You will have expert knowledge of the subject you want to teach, but you will also need:

  • The ability to encourage, motivate and inspire your students
  • Excellent communication skills
  • Enthusiasm and confidence
  • Patience and tact
  • Be able to maintain discipline and deal with challenging behavior
  • Good organisational and planning skills
  • Ability to work well under pressure
  • To keep up with latest research in you subject area
  • Commitment to you own professional development
  • Good knowledge of the subject you teach
‘Teachers should be the most dedicated students in the classrom.  We will support them to be lifelong professional learners to help raise standards for all our young people’’
(Education in Wales: Our National Mission, Action Plan 2017-21)

Priority subjects

There will be the need for teachers and lecturers in all subjects, but there is a shortage for teachers in the following ‘High’ and ‘Medium’ priority subjects:

High Priority

  • Maths
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Welsh
  • Computer Science

Medium Priority

  • Modern Foreign Languages

Initial Teacher Training incentives to train in these priority subjects are announced each year by the Government and updated information can be found on Discover Teaching.

New in the sector

The education sector is constantly changing in response to the latest Government policy and new teaching and learning theories and methods. Be prepared to be both an educator and learner throughout your career.

New curriculum for Wales
The new curriculum for Wales is expected to be fully implemented by 2021 and puts more emphasis on giving young people the skills they will need for work and life.

In particular, digital skills are now just as important as Literacy and Numeracy and educators will need to be able to teach these skills across all subject areas.

Welsh Language Strategy: Next Steps
As Welsh Government aim to increase the opportunities to learn and train through the medium of Welsh, the demand for Welsh medium teachers will continue to grow.

'Teaching is such a complex craft that one lifetime is not enough to master it, but by rigorously focusing on practice, teachers can continue to improve throughout their career.’ (Dylan William, Schools Revolution Conference, 2010)

Do I need Welsh Language skills?

Welsh Language skills are particulary important in Education and being able to teach through the medium of Welsh is likely to give you an advantage in finding a teaching or teaching support job.

The aim of the Welsh Government is to continue to improve the opportunities to learn at school and college through the medium of Welsh, so the demand for Welsh medium teachers and teachers of Welsh First Language and Welsh Second Language is likely to continue to increase. This demand may vary depending on where you live, Gwynnedd has the most Welsh medium schools, 105 including primary and secondary) whilst Blaenau Gwent has the fewest (1).

of the education workforce is Welsh speaking
(Census, 2011)

of Childcare employers rate Welsh Language skills as important within the workplace.
(Welsh Government, 2014)

Croeso i Gyrfa Cymru

Dewiswch iaith


Welcome to Careers Wales

Please select your language