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Job Photographs

  • A woman is sitting in a chair, in front of a mirror surrounded by lights.  Another woman is standing next to her, applying make-up to her face.

    Applying a foundation base.

  • Somebody is sitting at a desk dipping a make-up brush into one of various small make-up pots. A coloured sketch of a face is placed on the desk.

    Selecting make-up to be used to age an actor.

  • A close-up of a woman's face as she is having make-up applied with a brush.

    Beginning the ageing process.

  • A pair of hands is adjusting a wig on a stand.

    Preparing a wig to be put into storage.

  • A woman is sitting in a chair.  Another woman is standing in front of her and is applying a prosthetic to her face.

    Applying a prosthetic clown's face for an actor. The face will be made-up afterwards.

  • Somebody is adjusting a section of plastic face mask on a yellow mould.

    Preparing a prosthetic for storage.

  • A woman, wearing latex gloves, is standing next to a work bench.  She is using a small brush in order to apply a paste to a mould.

    Making a fibreglass mould for a special-effect prosthetic head.

  • A woman is standing next to a work bench. She is holding a wooden board which has a white plaster cast face on it.  There is a microwave oven next to the work bench.

    A cast is produced.

  • Make-up Artist

Make-up Artist

Introduction

As a Make-up artist you will make sure that people who appear on television, in film or the theatre have suitable make-up and hairstyles. Creative make-up is required for dramas and light entertainment. News and current affairs and chat shows require 'corrective' make-up and general tidying up.

Also known as

  • Theatre Make-up Artist

Video: - Lesley: Make-Up Artist

Video: - Stephanie: Make-up Artist

Work Activities

As a Make-up Artist, you will be responsible for doing people's make-up and hair before they appear in front of cameras and/or an audience. You'll apply corrective or creative character make-up, depending on the type of production.

Corrective make-up is used mainly on people appearing in news and current affairs programmes and chat shows. You'll apply powder to prevent reflection from studio lights, make sure hair is neat and generally tidy up appearances.

'Character' make-up is required for dramas and light entertainment. You'll create make-up and hairstyles that suit the period and style of the production. This requires careful preparation and research.

For really dramatic effects, materials such as latex foam are used to change the shape of a face, add age features or simulate injuries and wounds. This part of the work is referred to as prosthetics. When using these materials, You'll need to be aware of any harmful effects they could have on human skin.

If the same scene is filmed on different days, you must keep photographs and notes of a character's appearance, so you can recreate exactly the same make-up at a later date.

Hairdressing forms a major part of a your work. Special effects hairdressing can involve the use of wigs, hairpieces, false moustaches and facial hair.

Make-up Artists also do the make-up and hair of models before photo sessions for fashion magazines, and before they appear in catwalk shows.

There are routine tasks to be completed, such as cleaning equipment and wigs.

You'll usually work irregular hours, which could include early starts, late finishes and work on weekends and public holidays. Travel to local, national and international locations may be necessary.

Being able to read, write and speak Welsh may be an advantage when you’re looking for work in Wales.

Personal Qualities and Skills

To become a Make-up Artist, you need:

  • creative, artistic and design skills
  • the ability to do very close and detailed work
  • good people skills, including tact, diplomacy and patience
  • confidence and the ability to work well under pressure
  • to be able to work as part of a team
  • knowledge of different make-up techniques

Pay and Opportunities

Pay

Pay rates for Make-up artists depend on the type of production they work on, duration of the project and whether they are employed or self-employed.

The pay rates given below are approximate.

  • Starting: £14,500 - £15,500
  • With experience: £16,500 - £18,500
  • Senior Make-up Artists: £19,000 - £21,000

Where are vacancies advertised?

  • Get into Theatre
  • Arts Jobs
  • National Theatre
  • The Guardian - Theatre Jobs
  • StarNow

Entry Routes and Training

Entry routes

Make-up Artists usually begin their careers as Make-up Assistants, working under the supervision of a Senior Make-up Artist. Assistants start by doing most of the routine tasks, such as cleaning equipment and preparing cosmetics.

During this time, Assistants learn the 'tricks of the trade' by observing and helping experienced Make-up Artists. It can take a number of years to gain enough experience to take on sole responsibility for a whole production.

A small number of relevant foundation degrees, HNDs and degrees are available, with titles such as:

  • media make-up
  • make-up and special effects
  • specialist make-up design

An Intermediate or Advanced Level Apprenticeship is also a great place to start.

A BTEC level 3 qualification is also a great place to start.

Some specialist private colleges also run courses for potential Make-up Artists.

Work Experience

Experience working in a hair and beauty salon will help you to stand out from the crowd. You could also get some experience doing the make-up for a community theatre or local amateur dramatic performance.

Training

Work-based qualifications in beauty therapy and hairdressing are available.

If you would like some more training, then the International School of Hair and Makeup offer a two-week foundation certificate course. This course is suited for people who do not have experience in this industry. There are both practical and theory aspects of the course which could include:

  • basic product knowledge
  • how to use application tools
  • hygiene and safety
  • looking at skin analysis, face shapes and skin tones
  • colour-correcting and concealing
  • how to choose the correct application and choice of foundation
  • the use of highlighting, shading plus the use of blushers
  • how to do bridal make-up
  • looking at the application of false eyelashes
  • client consultation techniques

You will need to complete an internal theory test and have an exam assessed by an External Examiner.

Other courses could be available in your area.

Progression

With experience, Make-up Artists can specialise in an specific area, such as prosthetics. Progression to high profile television or film work is possible.

Qualifications

Entry qualifications vary. The usual requirement is a good general education, preferably A levels or equivalent, together with qualifications in hair and beauty and relevant work experience.

As entry is competitive, it is best to get as many qualifications as possible. English language or literature, art and applied art and design are useful GCSEs. Chemistry and history are also desirable.

To get onto an Intermediate or Advanced Level Apprenticeship, you’ll usually need five GCSEs at grade C/4 or above, possibly including English and maths.

The BTEC level 3 qualification 'professional hair and make-up' will help you to stand out from the crowd. See if a college close to you offers this qualification.

Some universities accept the Welsh Baccalaureate as equivalent to 1 A level.

Adult Opportunities

Age limits

It is illegal for any organisation to set age limits for entry to employment, education or training, unless they can show there is a real need to have these limits.

Experience

Formal qualifications in hairdressing and/or beauty therapy, including make-up, are usually required.

Courses

Some colleges, and schools of beauty therapy/hairdressing, relax entry requirements for applicants with relevant experience.

Part-time courses in media make-up and beauty therapy are available in local colleges of further education.

Training

Intermediate and Advanced Level Apprenticeships may be available in your area.

Statistics

  • 52% of people in occupations such as make-up artist are self-employed.
  • 46% work part-time.
  • 5% have flexible hours.

Further Information

Apprenticeships: Get In. Go Far

National Apprenticeship Service (NAS)

Tel: 0800 015 0400

Email: nationalhelpdesk@findapprenticeship.service.gov.uk

Website: www.apprenticeships.org.uk

Skills Development Scotland - Modern Apprenticeships

Tel: 0800 9178000

Email: info@skillsdevelopmentscotland.co.uk

Website: www.myworldofwork.co.uk/modernapprenticeships

City & Guilds

Address: 1 Giltspur Street, London EC1A 9DD

Tel: 020 7294 2468

Email: learnersupport@cityandguilds.com

Website: www.cityandguilds.com

British Film Institute (BFI)

Website: www.bfi.org.uk

ScreenSkills

Skills for the creative industries

Email: info@creativeskillset.org

Website: www.creativeskillset.org

Creative Choices

Publisher: Creative & Cultural Skills

Email: info@creative-choices.co.uk

Website: www.creative-choices.co.uk

The British Association of Beauty Therapy & Cosmetology (BABTAC)

Address: Unit 1, Ambrose House, Meteor Court, Barnett Way, Gloucester GL4 3GG

Tel: 01452 623114

Email: enquiries@cibtac.com

Website: www.cibtac.com

Hairdressing and Beauty Industry Authority (Habia)

Address: Oxford House, Sixth Avenue, Sky Business Park, Robin Hood Airport, Doncaster DN9 3GG

Tel: 0845 6123555

Email: info@habia.org

Website: www.habia.org

Creative & Cultural Skills

Skills for craft, cultural heritage, design, literature, music, performing arts and visual arts

Email: london@ccskills.org.uk

Website: ccskills.org.uk

Get into Theatre

Email: info@getintotheatre.org

Website: www.getintotheatre.org

London College of Fashion

Address: 20 John Princes' Street, London W1G 0BJ

Tel: 020 7514 7400

Email: enquiries@fashion.arts.ac.uk

Website: www.fashion.arts.ac.uk

BBC Careers

Website: www.bbc.co.uk/careers/home

Wireless Group

Irish enquiries

Email: info@u.tv

Website: www.utvmedia.com

ITV Jobs

Website: www.itvjobs.com

National Theatre

Tel: 020 7452 3400

Email: info@nationaltheatre.org.uk

Website: www.nationaltheatre.org.uk

The Stage

Entertainment and performing arts news

Website: www.thestage.co.uk

Northern Ireland Screen

Northern Ireland Enquiries

Email: info@northernirelandscreen.co.uk

Website: www.northernirelandscreen.co.uk

StartinTV

Website: www.startintv.com

BBC Design

Website: www.bbc.co.uk/design/

National Association of Screen Make-up Artists and Hairdressers (NASMAH)

Tel: 020 8998 7494

Website: www.nasmah.co.uk

Careers Wales - Welsh Apprenticeships

Tel: 0800 028 4844

Website: ams.careerswales.com/

Wales Screen

Website: www.screenwales.com

National Theatre Wales (Welsh Enquiries)

Tel: 029 2035 3070

Email: info@nationaltheatrewales.org

Website: nationaltheatrewales.org

International School of Hair and Makeup

Email: info@ishm-uk.com

Website: ishm-uk.com

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