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Job Photographs

  • A man is sitting at a desk, reading a sheet of paper and speaking on a telephone.  There is a laptop on the desk.

    Discussing a design brief with a client.

  • A man, wearing protective overalls, is using a lathe to shape a piece of wood.

    Shaping wood on a lathe.

  • A man, wearing overalls, is standing next to a table in a workshop.  He is making small tables out of wood.

    Creating maquettes (small-scale models of products).

  • A man, wearing protective overalls, is sanding down a flat piece of wood which is held in a vice.

    Sanding down a piece of furniture.

  • A man is sitting at a desk.  He is using a pencil to draw on a piece of white paper.

    Sketching ideas for new furniture products.

  • A man is sitting at a desk in a design studio. He is using a computer.

    Using design software to create designs.

  • A man, wearing protective overalls, is making a chair out of wood.  He is slotting all the parts together.

    Putting together a full-scale prototype.

  • Two men are sitting at desks in a studio.  They are looking at computers.

    Furniture designers research new ideas before they begin designing.

  • Furniture Designer

Furniture Designer


Furniture designers create designs for mass-produced or handcrafted furniture products.

Also known as

  • Designer, Furniture

Video: - Alan: Furniture Designer

Work Activities

As a Furniture Designer, you will create designs for mass production or hand crafted for individual clients. The products that you could design could be:

  • office furniture
  • chairs
  • tables
  • bookcases
  • sofas

Firstly you will get a brief from a client. You will then discuss the materials you would like and what the product they want. You could also be working with a specific budget as well.

Furniture Designers also use hand tools such as lathes, machine saws and hammers. You could also use different techniques for the products such as veneering, wood turning and carving.

Being able to read, write and speak Welsh may be an advantage when you’re looking for work in Wales.

Personal Qualities and Skills

To become a Furniture Designer, you need:

  • creative and artistic skills
  • flexibility to adapt designs to suit clients' needs
  • an understanding of production processes
  • an understanding of the different materials you might use to make furniture products
  • the ability to change ideas into a three-dimensional design
  • to work to deadlines and budgets
  • to keep up to date with changes in design and furniture technology
  • knowledge of design-related software

Self-employed or freelance Furniture Designers will need business and marketing skills.

Pay and Opportunities


The pay rates given below are approximate:

  • Starting: £24,000 - £25,000
  • With experience: £26,500 - £31,000
  • Senior Furniture Designers earn £33,000 - £35,500

Self-employed Designer-Craftworkers are likely to earn at the lower end of the range, especially when they start out.

Some Furniture Designers negotiate royalties for their designs with manufacturers.

Hours of work

Furniture Designers usually work 39 hours a week, Monday to Friday. Working hours for self-employed Furniture Designers may be irregular, depending on how much work you have. However, late finishes and weekend work may be required from time to time, especially as deadlines approach.

Where could I work?

Employers include firms involved in large-scale furniture production. They may employ Furniture Designers as part of an in-house design team, or as freelance Designers.

Other opportunities can be found with design consultancies where Designers work with other professionals in related fields, for example, Interior Designers and Architects.

Opportunities for Furniture Designers occur with employers in towns and cities throughout the UK.


Opportunities occur for Furniture Designers to become self-employed, working in consultancy and fixed-term contract work, or to set up as Designer-Craftworkers and work from home, a shared studio or a workshop.

The ability for individuals to promote their work online from the internet means location is less important for self-employed Designers.

Entry Routes and Training

Entry routes

Degrees are a common route for Furniture Designers as you can get a better experience of design.

You could take a foundation degree in furniture design or three dimensional design and this would give you a great first step.

A great way to get into this career is through an internship. Take a look at our information article 'Internships', for more details.

An Intermediate Level Apprenticeship in furniture design would be really helpful for this career. Take a look at our information article 'Apprenticeships – How do I apply', for more details about applying for apprenticeship positions.

Work Experience

Previous experience within a creative environment will be really helpful for this career.


Some of your training will be on-the-job.

If you would like some training, Williams & Cleal offer weekend courses. It offers a box making course as well as a veneering course, which could help you gain the skills you need to become a Furniture Designer. Williams & Cleal also offer full time courses - check the website for dates and availability.

Other courses could be available in your area.


Many Furniture Designers become self-employed. With training and experience, it may be possible to move into managerial positions.


To get onto an Intermediate or Advanced Level Apprenticeship, you’ll usually need five GCSEs at grade C/4 or above, possibly including English and maths.

The usual entry requirements for a relevant foundation course are:

  • 1/2 A levels where you'll need an A level in art or in an art-based subject
  • GCSEs at grade C/4 or above in 4/5 subjects where some courses ask that you have a pass in English

Alternatives to A levels include:

  • a BTEC level 3 qualification in art and design
  • a design Advanced Level Apprenticeship
  • the International Baccalaureate Diploma

However, course requirements vary, so please check college/university websites very carefully.

To enter any course in art and design, you'll need a portfolio of your work.

Some universities accept the Welsh Baccalaureate as equivalent to 1 A level.

Further Information

Apprenticeships: Get In. Go Far

National Apprenticeship Service (NAS)

Tel: 0800 015 0400



Skills Development Scotland - Modern Apprenticeships

Tel: 0800 9178000




Skills for the creative industries



Creative Choices

Publisher: Creative & Cultural Skills



Creative & Cultural Skills

Skills for craft, cultural heritage, design, literature, music, performing arts and visual arts



Chartered Society of Designers (CSD)



Getting into Art & Design Courses

Author: James Burnett Publisher: Trotman



Address: PO Box 5, Driffield, East Yorkshire, YO25 8JD

Tel: 01377 255213


London Metropolitan University

Address: 166-220 Holloway Road, London N7 8DB

Tel: 020 7423 0000


Crafts Council

Address: 44a Pentonville Road, Islington, London N1 9BY

Tel: 020 7806 2500



Queen Elizabeth Scholarship Trust

Address: No 1 Buckingham Place, London SW1E 6HR

Tel: 020 7828 2268



The Furniture Makers' Company

Address: Furniture Makers’ Hall, 12 Austin Friars, London EC2N 2HE

Tel: 020 7256 5558



Cabinet Maker

Tel: 01954 212906


Careers Wales - Welsh Apprenticeships

Tel: 0800 028 4844



Hiive is the online professional network for creative people.


Williams & Cleal



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