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Job Photographs

  • A woman is standing in front of two male students, who are sitting at a desk.  Behind her, a man is standing at the front of the classroom.

    Assisting students during a lesson.

  • A woman is sitting at a table with two male students.  The two students are writing on some paper.

    Helping students to complete a task.

  • A woman is sitting at a desk, next to a male student.  He is writing on a piece of paper, and she is helping him.

    Giving one-to-one support to a student.

  • A woman is sitting at a desk, using a computer.

    Using a computer to record student progress and carry out admin tasks.

  • A woman is sorting through a pile of books, placed on a table.

    Organising classroom learning materials.

  • A woman is placing a book onto the glass plate of a photocopier.

    Photocopying part of a book for a learning activity.

  • A woman is standing next to a table in a classroom.  She is sorting through numerous paper documents.

    Preparing handouts before a lesson.

  • A man and a woman are sitting at a table.  The man is writing on a piece of paper.

    Taking instructions from a teacher and discussing student progress.

  • Teaching Assistant

Teaching Assistant


Teaching Assistants support the work of teachers in primary, secondary and special schools. They might support pupils one-to-one or in small groups. Teaching Assistants work under the teacher's guidance and supervision.

Also known as

  • Classroom Assistant
  • Learning Support Assistant
  • Child Support Assistant
  • Welfare Assistant

Video: - Carol: Teaching Assistant

Video: - Mala: Teaching Assistant

Work Activities

As a Teaching Assistant, you will support the learning of children of all ages and abilities, in primary, secondary and special schools.

Your exact role will vary from one school to another and depends upon which age group is being taught. You could have a general support or caring role, or perhaps more specific responsibilities, such as helping students who have learning difficulties.

Some Teaching Assistants support pupils within a particular curriculum area, such as ICT, whereas others might be based within a department, or assigned to a child.

As a Teaching Assistant, you could work with individuals, a range of groups of children or a whole class. Your work might involve:

  • helping children with learning activities such as reading and writing
  • creating imaginative displays of pupil's work
  • sorting out and tidying classroom equipment and materials
  • getting things ready for lessons, such as handing out pens and paper
  • observing and recording pupil progress
  • supervising children in the playground or on school outings
  • liaising with parents or carers and Teachers

You might give extra support to pupils with learning or behavioural difficulties, children whose first language is not English (or Welsh if working in a Welsh Medium school),and those in their first term of school.

Personal Qualities and Skills

To become a Teaching Assistant, you'll need:

  • good communication skills
  • patience, tact and sensitivity
  • to be good at taking instructions and working as part of a team
  • the ability to maintain discipline and deal with challenging behaviour
  • good listening skills
  • to be caring and helpful
  • to be well organised

Pay and Opportunities


The pay rates given below are approximate.

  • Starting: £14,500 - £15,500
  • With experience: £16,000 - £18,000
  • Senior Teaching Assistants earn £19,000 - £21,000

Hours of work

As a Teaching Assistant, you will usually work up to 37 hours a week. Full-time and part-time posts are available. You may get paid for working during term time only (around 38 weeks a year).

Where could I work?

Employers are state and private primary, secondary and special schools.

Where are vacancies advertised?

Vacancies are advertised in local/national newspapers, on recruitment and employers' websites, and on Find a Job (

Social media websites, such as LinkedIn, Twitter or Facebook, are a great way to network, find vacancies and get in contact with possible employers. Make sure that your profile presents you in a professional manner that will appeal to potential employers.

Take a look at our General Information Article 'Finding Work Online'

Entry Routes and Training

Entry routes and training

Many Teaching Assistants start by volunteering in a school, then becoming employed - so this could be a great way for you to start.

You will usually have training on-the-job, including through an induction period.

However, whilst previous work experience is fantastic, employers are also looking for candidates who have an appropriate qualification or who are willing to work towards one in the role.

Recognised qualifications for TAs include:

  • level 2 award in support work in schools
  • level 2 certificate in supporting teaching and learning in schools
  • level 3 award in supporting teaching and learning in schools
  • level 3 certificate in supporting teaching and learning in schools
  • level 3 diploma in specialist support for teaching and learning in schools (includes units on supporting bilingual learners and those with special educational needs)

The Care Council for Wales has a List of Required Qualifications to work within the Early Years & Childcare Sector in Wales.

An Intermediate Level Apprenticeship or Advanced Level Apprenticeship is also great place to start, and this pathway is becoming increasingly popular.

Some schools employ Teaching Assistants with a specialism, for example, in literacy, numeracy, English for speakers of other languages (ESOL), or special educational needs.


Experienced Teaching Assistants can apply for Higher Level Teaching Assistant (HLTA) status. This will allow you more responsibility in the classroom, for example, supervising a class for a short period in the teacher's absence, contributing to lesson planning and developing lesson resources. Some HLTAs in secondary schools can specialise in maths and science.

There are no formal entry requirements, although individual local authorities might set their own when putting together their selection process. To qualify, you will have to satisfy HLTA professional standards.

Work Experience

Many people enter as volunteer Teaching Assistants and become employed after gaining experience.

Rehabilitation of Offenders Act

This career is an exception to the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974. This means that you must supply information to an employer about any spent or unspent convictions, cautions, reprimands or warnings, if they ask you to.

This is different from other careers, where you only have to reveal information on unspent convictions if you are asked to.


To get onto an Intermediate or Advanced Level Apprenticeship, you’ll usually need five GCSEs at grade C/4 or above, possibly including English or Welsh (first language) if planning to work in a Welsh Medium school, and maths.

Many schools will look for evidence of skills and knowledge developed through relevant work experience, either paid or voluntary.

Adult Opportunities


Many people enter as volunteer teaching assistants and become employed after gaining experience.

Distance learning

The Open University offers a Certificate in Supporting Learning in Primary Schools, by distance learning. You'll need to be based in a primary school, special school with primary pupils or other closely-related setting, either as an employed or voluntary teaching assistant.

The Open University also runs a foundation degree in Primary Teaching and Learning. During your studies, you will need to be working with children in a primary school for a minimum of five hours a week.

Further Information

Apprenticeships: Get In. Go Far

National Apprenticeship Service (NAS)

Tel: 0800 015 0400




Local government vacancies


Skills Development Scotland - Modern Apprenticeships

Tel: 0800 9178000



myjobscotland: Scottish local government vacancies

Scottish enquiries



Open University (OU)

Tel: 0845 3006090


Western Education and Library Board (WELB)

Irish enquiries



Department for Education (DfE)







BBC News: Education


Guardian Education


National Education Union

Publisher: Association of Teachers and Lecturers (ATL)

Tel: 020 7930 6441


Careers Wales - Welsh Apprenticeships

Tel: 0800 028 4844


Social Care Wales

Address: South Gate House, Wood Street, Cardiff CF10 1EW

Tel: 0300 30 33 444



Coleg Cymraeg Cenedlaethol

Information on Higher Education courses and scholarships through the medium of Welsh



Welsh Government Education and Skills Department



Mudiad Meithrin



Teacher Training & Education in Wales


People Exchange Cymru (PEC)

Public sector recruitment portal for Wales



Croeso i Gyrfa Cymru

Dewiswch iaith


Welcome to Careers Wales

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