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Job Photographs

  • A man is crouching next to a wall.  He is fitting black tiles to the wall.

    Cleaning the tiles.

  • Somebody is cutting tiles using a tile cutting machine.

    Some tiles have to be cut to fit a particular area.

  • A man is pouring liquid from a plastic container, into another plastic bucket.

    Tiles are fixed in place using adhesive. Here, the adhesive is mixed.

  • A man is standing next to a wall.  He is fitting white tiles to the wall.

    Tiles are positioned carefully.

  • Two men are standing in a kitchen.  One of the men is holding a spirit level over a row of tiles.

    Checking that a row of tiles is straight.

  • Wall and Floor Tiler

Wall and Floor Tiler


Wall and floor tilers fix tiles to the walls and floors of various types of building after first measuring and preparing the surface.

Also known as

  • Floor and Wall Tiler
  • Tiler, Wall and Floor

Work Activities

Wall and floor tilers prepare walls and floors for tiling, apply adhesive and cut and position tiles.

The area must be accurately measured and the laying planned to avoid waste. If they are making a pattern with the tiles, they have to plan this carefully.

When all the tiles are in place and the adhesive is dry, they fill the joints with grout.

Being able to read, write and speak Welsh may be an advantage when you’re looking for work in Wales.

Personal Qualities and Skills

As a wall and floor tiler, you need to:

  • Be an accurate and careful worker.
  • Have an awareness of the importance of health and safety in this industry.
  • Be good with your hands.
  • Have good number skills for measuring and cutting.
  • Be physically fit, because the work involves carrying, kneeling and bending.

As you will have to travel around locally, a driving licence would be very useful for this type of work.

This job might not be suitable for people who have skin conditions, such as eczema, or breathing complaints, such as asthma.

Pay and Opportunities


The pay rates given below are approximate.

Wall and floor tilers earn in the range of £300 - £350 per day, rising to £400 - £500 per day, with experience.

Hourly rates range from £8 - £13 per hour.

Hours of work

Wall and floor tilers work a 39-hour week. Overtime, including Saturday working, may be available.

Some wall and floor tilers are self-employed and work independently.

What's happening in this work area?

Construction was one the industries hit hardest by the recent recession and the crash in the housing market.

It is an industry dominated by small firms.

Employment levels are projected to grow steadily, as the economy improves, by around 200,000, over the coming decade.

The construction industry is one of the most male dominated industries. Women account for only 1 in 10 of all jobs. The industry is actively trying to change this.

Full-time working remains the main method of working.

Where could I work?

Employers are wall and floor tiling contractors and building contractors.

Opportunities for wall and floor tilers occur with flooring contractors in towns and cities throughout the UK.

Where are vacancies advertised?

Vacancies are advertised on all the major job boards, on Universal Jobmatch, and at Jobcentre Plus.

Entry Routes and Training


An Intermediate or Advanced Level Apprenticeship will help you to get into this job.

There are various relevant qualifications available from organisations like City & Guilds and Edexcel. These courses may be in a more general subject area, such as construction.

Construction Skills Certification Scheme (CSCS)

For most building companies, you'll need a CSCS card to work on site. These cards show that you are qualified to do the work you've been employed for. Go to the CSCS website for more details.


Apprenticeships will usually involve work- and college-based training. You will also receive training in subjects like health and safety.

Work Experience

Previous experience working as a building operative would be really useful for this career.


In the construction industry, it is possible to work up from craft-level positions to managerial roles, such as construction site manager. Many tilers become self-employed and set up their own businesses.


To get onto an Intermediate or Advanced Level Apprenticeship, you’ll usually need five GCSEs at grade C/4 or above, possibly including English and Maths.

To enter a City & Guilds or Edexcel level 2 course in construction, you'll usually need at least:

  • 4 GCSEs at grades D to G or 3 to 1

However, individual centres may have different entry requirements. You may be able to get on to one of the courses without any qualifications.

Adult Opportunities

Age limits

It is illegal for any organisation to set age limits for entry to employment, education or training, unless they can show there is a real need to have these limits.


Related skills, for example, gained while a building operative, are useful.


Many people go into this career via a Construction Specialist Intermediate Level Apprenticeship.

Further Information

Apprenticeships: Get In. Go Far

National Apprenticeship Service (NAS)

Tel: 0800 015 0400



Skills Development Scotland - Modern Apprenticeships

Tel: 0800 9178000



City & Guilds

Address: 1 Giltspur Street, London EC1A 9DD

Tel: 020 7294 2468




Skills for the construction industry

Address: Bircham Newton, Kings Lynn, Norfolk PE31 6RH


National Heritage Training Group (NHTG)

Address: Carthusian Court, 12 Carthusian Street, London EC1M 6EZ

Tel: 01342 326171




Northern Ireland Enquiries

Address: Nutts Corner Training Centre, 17 Dundrod Road, Crumlin, County Antrim BT29 4SR

Tel: 028 9082 5466



Construction Employers Federation (CEF)

Irish enquiries

Address: 143 Malone Road, Belfast BT9 6SU

Tel: 028 9087 7143



Construction Skills Certification Scheme (CSCS)

Address: Bircham Newton, Kings Lynn, Norfolk PE31 6RH

Tel: 0844 5768777



Publisher: CITB-ConstructionSkills

Tel: 0344 994 4010



Scottish Building Apprenticeship and Training Council (SBATC)

Scottish enquiries

Address: Crichton House, 4 Crichtons Close, Holyrood, Edinburgh EH8 8DT

Tel: 0131 5568866



The Tile Association (TTA)

Address: Forum Court, 83 Copers Cope Road, Beckenham, Kent BR3 1NR

Tel: 020 8663 0946



Careers Wales - Welsh Apprenticeships

Tel: 0800 028 4844


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