Share this page

Select an icon:

Job Photographs

  • A man is lying in a hospital bed, surrounded by medical equipment.  Three people in operating theatre clothes are standing around the bed.

    This operating department practitioner is helping the anaesthetist prepare for an operation.

  • A woman is lying on a hospital bed in an operating theatre.  A man, wearing operating theatre clothes, is examining her with some medical equipment.  A woman, in operating theatre clothes, is standing at the side of the bed.  She is holding a wire that is attached to the medical equipment.

    Helping the anaesthetist during the operation.

  • A woman, wearing operating theatre clothes, is standing at a worktop.  She is arranging various operating theatre utensils and equipment.

    Checking that all the equipment is in good condition.

  • Two people, wearing operating theatre clothes, are adjusting moveable overhead lights in an operating theatre.

    Making sure the lights are in the correct position before the operation begins.

  • A woman is lying on an operating table.  Three people, wearing operating theatre clothes, are standing around her.  One is holding the patient's leg up while another person operates on it.

    Helping during surgery.

  • A woman, wearing operating theatre clothes, is writing on a flipchart that is fixed to a wall.

    Keeping a note of all the equipment used so that it can be accounted for after the operation.

  • Someone wearing operating theatre clothes is passing instruments to a surgeon.  Two other people in operating theatre clothes are gathered around the patient, who is lying on an operating table.

    Passing to a surgeon the instruments that are needed during an operation.

  • Operating Department Practitioner

Operating Department Practitioner


Operating department practitioners (ODPs) help anaesthetists and surgeons, and care for patients, during operations. They prepare patients for surgery, check monitors and other equipment during operations, and support patients when they are recovering afterwards.

Video: - Anita: Operating Department Practitioner

Work Activities

Operating department practitioners switch between helping the surgeon and the anaesthetist. They work alongside theatre nurses and other healthcare staff. They also work with the patient in the recovery stage, after the operation.

They help to prepare the patient for surgery, for example, ensuring that the surgeon has the correct medical records. They also check that the right medication and equipment is available, and make sure the whole area is prepared properly. They have to make sure they have the correct patient for the surgery.

In the anaesthetic stage of the operation, ODPs prepare a wide range of equipment and drugs, including anaesthetic machines, ventilators, drips and airway devices, which all ensure the safety of the patient during anaesthesia.

They work alongside the anaesthetist to check the patient's condition, watching out for allergic reactions, breathing difficulties or heart problems. ODPs bring patients into the operating theatre and help to position them correctly on the operating table.

If they're helping the surgeon, the ODP will 'scrub up' with the rest of the team, putting on a surgical mask, sterile gown and gloves.

For surgery, the ODP will have prepared all the instruments and equipment the surgeon needs. It is essential that equipment is laid out correctly before an operation.

During the operation, they pass instruments to the surgeon and carefully remove soiled dressings and swabs, maintaining strict aseptic conditions to prevent infection. ODPs anticipate what the surgeon will need: they have the piece of equipment ready for them as quickly as possible.

After the operation, they check that all the items have been accounted for and collect any instruments to be sterilised.

They help to monitor the effects of the anaesthetic, re-position the patient when drips are inserted and fetch equipment or blood.

ODPs continue to care for patients after the operation. They watch out for complications such as shock, blood loss, pain and breathing problems. The ODP will need to assess the patient, helping to ensure that they can be moved back to a ward.

ODPs are responsible for maintaining patients' records, and for controlling the stock of equipment.

While most ODPs are based in operating theatres, anaesthetic areas and recovery rooms, they can also work in many other areas, including accident and emergency departments, intensive care units and special care baby units.

Being able to read, write and speak Welsh may be an advantage when you’re looking for work in Wales.

Personal Qualities and Skills

To be an operating department practitioner, you'll need:

  • Excellent attention to detail and the ability to prepare meticulously for operations.
  • To react quickly, keep your concentration and be methodical, all while working under pressure in a rapidly changing environment.
  • Excellent problem-solving and communication skills.
  • The ability to cope with distressing sights in the operating theatre and other areas, such as accident and emergency departments.
  • An interest in science, technology and health.
  • Practical skills to work with small and delicate instruments.
  • A friendly, supportive personality to reassure patients and prepare them for surgery.

Pay and Opportunities


NHS employees are paid on a rising scale within defined pay bands, according to their skills and responsibilities. The pay rates given below are approximate.

In the NHS, operating department practitioners (ODPs) earn in the range of £21,176 - £27,625 a year, rising to £25,528 - £34,189 with experience. People in senior positions earn up to £40,157 a year.

Hours of work

ODPs usually work a basic 37-hour week. They might have early starts, late finishes, nights, weekends, shift work and work on public holidays. ODPs might also have standby or on-call duties.

Where could I work?

Employers include the NHS and private hospitals, and the armed forces. Opportunities for ODPs occur in hospitals in towns and cities throughout the UK.

Where are vacancies advertised?

Vacancies are advertised on the NHS Jobs website, on job boards (for example, for medical careers), and in local/national newspapers.

Entry Routes and Training

Entry routes and training

To become an operating department practitioner, you usually need to complete a Diploma of Higher Education (DipHE) in Operating Department Practice, leading to registration with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC).

Courses usually take two years full-time to complete. Some part-time courses are available. The course is an equal mixture of academic and practical, clinical study. It includes hospital placements in specialist surgical areas.

Some universities now offer a BSc (Hons) degree in operating department practice. This also allows you to register with the HCPC.

A list of approved courses is available on the HCPC website.

An Advanced Level Apprenticeship is also a great place to start.


You could enter a senior post, for example, running a theatre unit. It is also possible to move into different areas of the work, for example, transplants or special care baby units. Progression could also be into a research or teaching post.

Rehabilitation of Offenders Act

This career is an exception to the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974. This means that you must supply information to an employer about any spent or unspent convictions, cautions, reprimands or warnings, if they ask you to.

This is different from other careers, where you only have to reveal information on unspent convictions if you are asked to.


Entry requirements for the Diploma of Higher Education (DipHE) in Operating Department Practice vary between the course providers.

The usual minimum entry requirements are 5 GCSEs (A*-C or 9-4) including English and Maths (some universities also ask for Science) and 2/3 A levels (Biology might be specified).

Equivalent qualifications can be acceptable - please check university/college websites carefully. Also, some providers might accept candidates without the specified qualifications, for example, provided they have relevant skills and life experience.

To get onto an Advanced Level Apprenticeship, you'll usually need 5 GCSEs at grade C/4 or above, including English and Maths, or to have completed an Intermediate Level Apprenticeship.

Some universities accept the Welsh Baccalaureate as equivalent to 1 A-level.

Adult Opportunities

Age limits

It is illegal for any organisation to set age limits for entry to employment, education or training, unless they can show there is a real need to have these limits.


To get financial support from the NHS, you need to meet certain criteria. If you meet the criteria and are on an approved course (leading to registration with the Health and Care Professions Council), you'll get a grant of £1,000 for each year of the course. You can also apply for a means-tested bursary of up to £4,395 each year (or more in London). For more information, see the NHS Business Services Authority website.


  • 3% of people in occupations such as operating department practice work part-time.
  • 7% have flexible hours.
  • 3% of employees work on a temporary basis.

Further Information

Professional institutions

Professional institutions have the following roles:

  • To support their members.
  • To protect the public by keeping standards high in their professions.
The College of Operating Department Practitioners is the professional institution for this career.

Health Careers


NHS Wales Careers

Publisher: National Leadership and Innovation Agency for Healthcare



NHS Jobs


Step into the NHS

NHS careers

Tel: 0345 6060655


Skills for Health

Skills for the health sector

Address: Goldsmiths House, Broad Plain, Bristol BS2 0JP

Tel: 0117 9221155



Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC)

Address: Park House, 184 Kennington Park Road, London SE11 4BU

Tel: 0845 3006184



NHS Education for Scotland (NES)

Scottish enquiries

Address: Westport 102, West Port, Edinburgh EH3 9DN

Tel: 0131 6563200



NHS Business Services Authority


College of Operating Department Practitioners (CODP)

Address: 130 Euston Road, London NW1 2AY

Tel: 0870 7460984



Careers Wales - Welsh Apprenticeships

Tel: 0800 028 4844


Croeso i Gyrfa Cymru

Dewiswch iaith


Welcome to Careers Wales

Please select your language